Key text

IFJ Guidelines on Children Reporting

Journalists and media organisations shall strive to maintain the highest
standards of ethical conduct in reporting children’s affairs and, in particular,
they shall

1. strive for standards of excellence in terms of accuracy and sensitivity when
reporting on issues involving children;
2. avoid programming and publication of images which intrude upon the media
space of children with information which is damaging to them;
3. avoid the use of stereotypes and sensational presentation to promote
journalistic material involving children;
4. consider carefully the consequences of publication of any material
concerning children and shall minimise harm to children;
5. guard against visually or otherwise identifying children unless it is
demonstrably in the public interest;
6. give children, where possible, the right of access to media to express their
own opinions without inducement of any kind;
7. ensure independent verification of information provided by children and
take special care to ensure that verification takes place without putting
child informants at risk;
8. avoid the use of sexualised images of children;
9. use fair, open and straight forward methods for obtaining pictures and,
where possible, obtain them with the knowledge and consent of children or
a responsible adult, guardian or carer;
10. verify the credentials of any organisation purporting to speak for or to
represent the interests of children.
11. not make payment to children for material involving the welfare of children
or to parents or guardians of children unless it is demonstrably in the interest
of the child.

Journalists should put to critical examination the reports submitted and the
claims made by Governments on implementation of the UN Convention on the
Rights of the Child in their respective countries.
Media should not consider and report the conditions of children only as events
but should continuously report the process likely to lead or leading to the
occurrence of these events.